Kuba, Cuba, Republika Kuby, República de Cuba
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The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule was severe and exploitative and occasional rebellions were harshly suppressed. It was US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 that finally overthrew Spanish rule. The subsequent Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence, which was granted in 1902 after a three-year transition period. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule has held the regime together since then. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country is now slowly recovering from a severe economic recession in 1990, following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies, worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba portrays its difficulties as the result of the US embargo in place since 1961. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the southwest border - is a continuing problem. Some 2,500 Cubans attempted the crossing of the Straits of Florida in 2003; the US Coast Guard apprehended about 60% of the individuals.

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1. Dependency status: UN Country

2. Government type: Communist state

3. Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Floridas

4. Border Countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

5. Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

6. Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

7. Area: 110,860 sq km

8. Capital: Havana

9. Administrative divisions: 14 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 special municipality* (municipio especial); Camaguey, Ciego de Avila, Cienfuegos, Ciudad de La Habana, Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara

10. Population: 11,308,764 (July 2004 est.)

11. Languages: Spanish

12. Religions: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to CASTRO assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented

13. Currency: Cuban peso (CUP))


18. Recommended Travel Oficies in Poland:

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19. Recommended Travel Oficies in Cuba:

  • We await Your recomendations!

20. Airlines:

  • PLL LOT (LO) - www.lot.com
  • We await Your recomendations!

21. Other transport (train, coach, boat etc.)

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22. Cuba Islands office in Poland:

*click for look in interesting offers

23. Intresting WEB's about Cuba:

  • Gobierno de la República de Cuba - official site of the Goverment of the Republic of Cuba. Includes information on foreign affairs, the country's economic and social development, and historical profile.
  • CubaNet News, Inc. - nonprofit organization that fosters free press in Cuba.
  • Cuba.com - Cuban Adventures for Cigar tours, Cuban vacations and Eco tours ... Welcome to Cuba! The Caribbean harbors a jewel in the Island of Cuba. The tropical Island extends 750 miles.

24. Other WEB's :

  • SKYTRAX | the World Airline Site - The World Airline Site for latest Airline News, Airline Passenger Surveys, global Airline standards Rating, Best Airline and Airport of the Year, Airline Flight Reviews, Airline Quality Star Ranking across the world
  • slowniki.onet.pl - dictionary translating from polish and english, german, french, italian, spanish, russian etc.
  • babelfish.altavista.com - dictionary translaiting both ways in 25 lanquages useful in translating texts

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