Dominikana, Republika Dominikańska, República Dominicana
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Explored and claimed by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti. The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821, but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. In 1861, the Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire, but two years later they launched a war that restored independence in 1865. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative, rule for much of its subsequent history was brought to an end in 1966 when Joaquin BALAGUER became president. He maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency. The Dominican economy has had one of the fastest growth rates in the hemisphere over the past decade.

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1. Dependency status: UN Country

2. Government type: representative democracy

3. Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

4. Border Countries: Haiti 360 km

5. Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

6. Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

7. Area: 48,730 sq km

8. Capital: Santo Domingo

9. Administrative divisions: 31 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito); Azua, Baoruco, Barahona, Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez, San Cristobal, San Jose de Ocoa, San Juan, San Pedro de Macoris, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Santo Domingo, Valverde

10. Population: 8,833,634 (July 2004 est.)

11. Languages: Spanish

12. Religions: Roman Catholic 95%

13. Currency: Dominican peso (DOP)


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19. Recommended Travel Oficies in Dominican Republic:

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20. Airlines:

  • PLL LOT (LO) - www.lot.com
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21. Other transport (train, coach, boat etc.)

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22. Dominican office:

  • Embassy Republic of Dominican
    Dessauer Strasse 28-29
    D-10963 Berlin
    tel.  (0-0 49 30) 257 57 76-0
    fax (0-0 49 30) 257 57 76-1
*click for look in interesting offers

23. Intresting WEB's about Dominican Republic:

  • Dominican Republic One - online news and information service in English on the Dominican Republic. Home of The Santo Domingo News.

24. Other WEB's :

  • SKYTRAX | the World Airline Site - The World Airline Site for latest Airline News, Airline Passenger Surveys, global Airline standards Rating, Best Airline and Airport of the Year, Airline Flight Reviews, Airline Quality Star Ranking across the world
  • slowniki.onet.pl - dictionary translating from polish and english, german, french, italian, spanish, russian etc.
  • babelfish.altavista.com - dictionary translaiting both ways in 25 lanquages useful in translating texts

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